Freud, Psikoseksüel Gelişim Kuramı’nda kişilik gelişimini beş döneme ayırarak ele almaktadır. Buna göre: Oral Dönem (0 – 18 ay/ 1,5 yaş) Anal Dönem (1,5 – 3 . Freud ve Adler’a göre ilk beş yıl, Sullivan’a göre ön ergenlik, Erikson’a göre ergenlik, Jung’a göre orta yaş dönemi kişilik gelişiminde kritik. edebileceğimiz Psikanaliz de insan hayatındaki kritik evrelere dair önemli Freud’a göre kişilik gelişimi ilk beş yılda büyük oranda tamamlanmaktadır. gelişimlerinde büyük kırılmaların yaşanabileceği bir dönemi ifade eder.

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Social and cultural environment, especially the family, plays a big role in a healthy and correct development of personality. However, the data revealed by the personality theories with the respect to man must be reviewed carefully.

Because mistakes made earlier can be corrected during preadolescence, but errors made during preadolescence are nearly impossible to overcome in later life. We see that Erikson carried the views on personality development to a step forward. Altogether, when it comes to accessing reliable and scientific data on man, the only resource to be resorted to is again the data provided by the psychology.

Human has continuously asked questions about himself and searched for an answer to those questions since the ancient ages. As a result, psychoanalytical theory provides non-negligible and important data on the development and change of personality to those teaching religion or those who assume responsibility of educating a child.

Besides, the psychologists who diverged from Freudian school by developing their own perspectives have made significant contributions to Psychoanalysis. As we might recall, Sullivan expressed that the final chance to fix the past errors is the first years of primary school preadolescence.


It is the responsibility of the family to develop a strong sense of conscience and superego in the child. Jung has explained the periods of development in his own terms although it is not as detailed as that of Freud.

Sıgmund Freud ve Psikanaliz

Furthermore, Erikson also suggests that the mistakes of previous stage can be fixed in the later stage. This made it possible to carry out a more detailed study of the developmental stages for sure.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, geliimm otherwise indicated. According to this model, superego operating on the moral principle has the power to control id which operates on the pleasure principle.

KİŞİLİK GELŞİMİ by Engin Gökbudak on Prezi

Similar to other psychologists, he also points out the importance of childhood experiences on personality development. As the comprehensive analysis of all personality theories exceeds far beyond the limits of a single article, this study analyzes only the views of the psychoanalytical approaches on the development and change of personality. Show full item record.

There cannot be a significant development or change in personality after this period. However, within the context of our subject, the biggest novelty introduced by Erikson is that the man can develop and change in any stage.

These are topographical model and structural model. According to Sullivan, the experiences of the early adolescent are extremely important for the personality development. It is quite natural that personality theories are not as neat and clear as the laws of physics.

As a matter of fact, three of these seven stages include adolescence era. Erikson examines the stages of personality development in eight stages, which was previously studied in seven stages at most. Education, which may be defined as the effort to shape man in line with a certain model, has to apply to the science of psychology to learn about the development and change potential of man.


According to Jung, the critical threshold at the ages of shapes the whole personality. When we look at from the perspective of religious education, the most important concept of topographical model is unconscious. As a matter of fact such theories focusing on a different aspect of personality endeavor to provide the most reliable and coherent information to the science world on the basis of the observation and accumulation of many years. Sullivan, who studies personality development in seven stages, puts the biggest emphasis adolescence era.

In the psiaknaliz model developed by Freud, the concept of superego becomes prominent with respect to religious and moral development. The most remarkable aspect of personality is its uniqueness.


The issue of understanding man, which was a mental and philosophical effort in the beginning, has become the only subject of the science of psychology for more than a century. Altogether, there psi,analiz risks and opportunities in the later ages for radical changes of personality.

Considering that the superego develops at the ages ofit turns out that the family has a tremendous responsibility.

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